- Next generation apps: We want to see what developers and users can do with ultra high-speeds, whether it's creating new bandwidth-intensive "killer apps" and services, or other uses we can't yet imagine.
- New deployment techniques: We'll test new ways to build fiber networks, and to help inform and support deployments elsewhere, we'll share key lessons learned with the world.
- Openness and choice: We'll operate an "open access" network, giving users the choice of multiple service providers. And consistent with our past advocacy, we'll manage our network in an open, non-discriminatory and transparent way.
Currently, most American homes see anywhere between 3Mbps to 20 Mbps. At those speeds there is a limitation to the use of broadband applications and how much content can be distributed.
Imagine sitting in a rural health clinic, streaming three-dimensional medical imaging over the web and discussing a unique condition with a specialist in New York. Or downloading a high-definition, full-length feature film in less than five minutes. Or collaborating with classmates around the world while watching live 3-D video of a university lecture.
The "GoogleNet" would make this a possibility. It would allow for the development of broadband applications like telemedicine, teleworking, e-government and telegaming. Google is not looking to compete with telecommunications companies -- they are simply building a use case to prove that ultra-fast broadband networks and broadband applications are viable; at a lower cost.
The FCC chair, Julius Genachowski, sees this project as a blessing, saying that "big broadband creates big opportunities." In March, Genachowski is set to unveil the FCC's Broadband Policy to Congress.